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Urologic Oncology: Important facts you need to know about it

Urologic Oncology or Uro-Oncology is the Urology branch that involves treatment and diagnosis of cancers in the kidney, urinary system and genitalia.

Common cancers in urology treated by kidney specialists in Lucknow include:

  • Bladder Cancer.
  • Prostate Cancer.
  • Kidney Cancer.
  • Testis Cancer.

Every year around 4.04 Million lives are lost due to prostate cancer and the number is projected to increase by the year 2020.

Who is a Urologic Oncologist?

Urologic Oncologist is a trained professional who provides surgical treatmentfor patients that suffer from urologic cancers. Uro-Oncologist acts as a medium who coordinates with medical oncologists, support services, and radiation oncologists for catering efficient treatment to patients.

The outcome from the cancer treatment varies according to the stage of cancer. Kidney specialists in Lucknow have a proper treatment plan for each stage of urologic cancer. Management options for urologic cancer can vary from active surveillance to the multi-modal approach which includes chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.

The goal for best Urology treatment in Lucknow is to provide comprehensive and personalized care for the patients suffering from urologic cancers by using optimum treatment options and state-of-the-art equipments.

Treatment Options for Urologic Oncology

Today, minimally invasive surgery is the best option used by doctors for the treatment of urologic cancers. A good number of patients are the best candidates for procedures stated below.

The team for urology treatment in Lucknow tend to be specialized in:

  • Bladder Cancer-Radical Cystectomy / anterior exenteration (lap /open) with urinary diversion (ileal conduit, ileal neobladder and ileal CCD).
  • Prostate Cancer- Radical Prostatectomy (open / laparoscopic – with or without robotic assistance).
  • Kidney Cancer -Partial nephrectomy Radical nephrectomy (laparoscopic and open), IVC thrombectomy.
  • Testicular Cancer- radical orchiectomy, Retroperitoneal Lymphadenectomy.

Prostate Cancer

Now, prostate cancer ranks among the common forms of cancer found in men just next to skin cancer. Not just that, it is among the 2nd leading causes for cancer death among men right after the lung cancer. Treatment option opted by best urology doctor in Lucknow ensures high chances for a cure depending upon the stage of cancer. Early diagnosis ensures better cure. Best urology doctor in Lucknow diagnoses the presence of prostate cancer using blood test method termed as PSA along with digital examination of the rectal area. If detected early complete removal of the prostate gland for a patient is preferred treatment (called radical prostatectomy – can be performed by open surgery as well as laparoscopic surgery). Other treatment options provided by best urology treatment in Lucknow include brachytherapy, radiation, as well as cryotherapy. For advanced and wide-spread diseaseandrogen deprivation therapy and chemotherapy are preferred initial treatment.

Bladder Cancer

Every year 12,500+ deaths have been attributed to the incidences of bladder cancer. Most patients usually complain of hematuria or bloody urine. The best diagnosis protocol opted by centres for best urology treatment in Lucknow is via cystoscopy. By taking a peek inside the patient’s bladder and acquiring the lesion biopsy, pathologists can easily determine the variant of bladder cancer invading the bladder’s muscular tissue. Standard care protocol for bladder cancer is the Radical Cystectomy / anterior exenteration with urinary diversion (orthotopic neobladder, continent cutaneous diversion, ileal conduit). These procedures are mostly done by open surgery. Nevertheless, with expertise it can be undertaken with laparoscopy, with or without robotic assistance.

Kidney Cancer

Renal Cell Carcinoma has been dubbed as one among the commonly diagnosed form of kidney cancer. Most of the tumors are located incidentally after results acquired from unrelated studies of kidney imaging. Symptoms of more advanced kidney tumors can closely mimic those of kidney stones (e.g. renal pain, hematuria). Therefore, in any such circumstance one must not neglect and meet a qualified urologist and get at least ultrasound and urine test done.

For small tumors, excision of tumor with margin helps preserve kidney (called partial nephrectomy). For larger tumors, tumors invading blood supply and locally advanced tumors, complete removal of kidney with surrounding covering is essential (called radical nephrectomy). Since renal cell carcinoma is resistant to radiation therapy and chemotherapy, for wide spread disease, surgical debulking of disease is performed and certain medicines (named targeted therapy) are prescribed. Most of the tumors can be removed with a minimally invasive procedure (laparoscopy).

The best benefits of minimally invasive surgery are:

  • Minimal Loss of Blood.
  • Faster Recovery.
  • Similar Outcomes.
  • Cosmetically superior.