A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure where the healthy kidney is placed from a live or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly. The main function of the Kidney is to filter and remove excess waste, minerals and fluid from the blood by producing urine.
When your kidneys lose this filtering ability, harmful levels of fluid and waste accumulate in your body, which can raise your blood pressure and result in kidney failure which is called as end-stage renal disease. End-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost about 90 percent of their ability to function normally.
Common causes of end-stage renal disease includes:
- Chronic, abnormal/uncontrolled high blood pressure
- Chronic glomerulonephritis — an inflammation and eventual scarring of the tiny filters within your kidneys (glomeruli)
- Polycystic kidney disease
People with end-stage renal disease requires to have waste removed from their bloodstream through a machine (dialysis) or a kidney transplant to stay alive.
Kidney transplants can be performed with general anesthesia, so you're not aware during the procedure. Your heart rate, blood pressure and blood oxygen level is monitored by the surgical team throughout the procedure.
- During the surgery: The surgeon makes an incision/cut and places the new kidney in your lower abdomen. Unless your own kidneys are causing complications such as high blood pressure, kidney stones, pain or infection, they are left in place.
- The blood vessels of the new kidney are attached to blood vessels in the lower part of the abdomen, just above one of your legs.
- The new kidney's ureter that is , the tube that links the kidney to the bladder is connected to your bladder.